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Introduction



Here some „unsorted “trains of thought about Ayurveda from the book: „That is Ayurveda “ from MD Chandrashekhar G. Thakkur.

Ayurveda covers the whole pallet of human life. The Ayurveda physician was called "Vaidya" of vid = to see. A Vaidya was internist, surgeon, educator and philosopher in one person.

Ayurveda Introduction - Lotus Villa

Seeing primarily in organic - physical categories, Ayurveda arranges the human life in single, individual feelings:

- after the relations of the individual parts of the body among themselves,

- after the relations of single individuals of a group or a society to each other,

- after conditions of humans to the not human, inorganic and organic environment,

- in accordance with the relationship of the rhythms of the own body to the exogenous rhythms of its environment.


The training of the appetite for the full consumption of its regulative activity as comprehensive feelers for the automatic control loop of the metabolism receives in the Ayurveda the advantage above all other things. The absence of mental as well as emotional food can work life-shortening despite full food supply of the body like a current famine.

The main request of Ayurvedic hygiene is the greatest possible refinement and stabilization of the vitally necessary reflexes. Physical training, breathing exercises, concentration training and meditation play a large role with obstacles of the environment, like weather and seasonal fluctuations.

As terms such as bacetria, viruses or bacteria are alien for Ayurveda, it also does not fight these pathogens. In that measure, in which the modern health service protects the patient, it relieves him also of the responsibility for the development and deployment of its own body. One speaks in the Ayurveda of „the expropriation of the health “, since modern experiences are only studied at ill humans.

Ayurveda Introduction - Lotus Villa

The theory of the Ayurveda has developed as answer of a warrior generation, where it was confronted with the problems on the battleground. Therefore calls SUSRATA the surgery as the core of the Ayurveda – apart from the myths from the religious sphere. Not everyone needs e.g. the same dose at medicine, not everyone responds on a certain diet and the mental condition is different with each humans. Therefore the Ayurveda physician sees the patient as an individual, for whom he has to provide a completely special, personal therapy.

There are in Ayurveda also expensive medicines like such, which contain gold, diamonds, mica, Umbra and Musk. There were royal physicians, who required enormous sums were promoted by the rulers.

The initial point is the conception that each change in the macrocosm entails also one in microcosm and vice versa. Also medical philosophy (Samkhya) assumes that everything that exists (thus humans, food, air etc.) is composed from five components / elements (Bhutas) Earth, fire, water, air and ether. From the connections of these basic elements in the body (of humans and animal) develop the three DoshasVata, Pitta and Kapha, which cause the sevenbody components (lymphatic vessels, blood, meat, fat, bone, marrow and seed). If for reasons of the wrong nutrition, a wrong clothes etc. the balance of the basic elements is disturbed, the body is/becomes sick.

Therefore an Ayurveda physician has two functions: One is to ensure that the body REMAINS healthy and the other one is to ensure that the body BECOMES healthy.

There is a well-known story: The men, who burnt down the library of Alexandria, argued with those, which wanted to retain it. If – in such a way they argued – the books contain everything, which is already located in the holy book, then they are redundant. If they contain however something else, they represent a blasphemy. In either case they deserved to be destroyed.

Ayurveda Introduction - Lotus Villa

Exactly that is the dogmatic attitude of western physicians opposite Ayurveda: They say, if something is from value in the Ayurveda, we possess it already. The rest is nothing else than enumerating of magic potions, how it is concocted by the witches, thus without meaning for the patients.

NAGARJUNA (lived approx. 2-3. Century B.C. writes: Already in the 6th pre-Christian century Hindu physicians described connective tissues, surgical seams, lymph streams, nerve strands, the face nerves, fatty tissue and containers, joint lubricant, joint cartilage and many muscles. They knew about the digesting organs. Birth control became lively already 500 before Chr. The development of the fetus was described with large accuracy.

SUSRATA (lived approx. 5-6. century B.C. was a surgeon and described many surgical interventions, e.g. the star stinging, belly operations, Caesarian etc. as well as 127 surgical instruments such as lancets, sound locators, pair of forceps, catheter and mirrors for mast intestine and vagina investigations. He also suggested making the wounded one germ-free with smoke insensitive to pain with alcoholic beverages. The area of operations was disinfected with cleaning steams.

He called the surgery "the first and most outstanding medical science". It stressed that those, which want to exercise it must have absolutely practical experience. It compares that, which has letter knowledge alone, with a donkey, which is conscious of the weight of its load, but however not of its valuable characteristics. His students were instructed in the handling of the instruments, by accomplishing operations at pumpkins and cucumbers and learned at material shreds and animal skins, how to sews up wounds.

The Ayurveda physician CARAKA (lived approx. 1-3 century B.C.) stressed the high moral conditions, which the medical profession requires. He said: “One should not treat its patients because of the money or because of another terrestrial property. Therein the physician exceeds all other occupational groups“.

To recognize the patient as a whole, is the paramount demand, which is placed against a Ayurveda physician. How does this happen?: The patient is not seen and understood as a victim e.g. of coincidental factors like bacteria etc., but as complicated organism, which is formed out completely determined basic elements, which can experience a disturbance by different factors such as age, nutrition, climate, seasons etc. If the physician recognized these causes, he will prescribe the appropriate treatment, so that not only the illness symptoms disappear, but the patient as whole is happy and healthy, thus healthy at bodies and spirit.

Ayurveda is nowadays important and necessary, since its methods do not only contribute to heal diseases, but crucially help the individual and the society, to stop the physical as well as the civilization decline.

Vaccination was unknown in Europe up to 18. Century. In India – if one gives believe to the old texts – already 550 A.D. one inoculated. The procedure is described by one of the first Hindu medical physician: “One presses the pox liquid from that pustule at the cow udder… on the tip of a lancet and cuts thereby the arms between the shoulders and the elbow, until blood opt out. When the pox liquid mixes itself with the blood of the patient, the fever of the smallpox develops”.

Hypnosis therapy seems to have had its origin with Hindu people, since they bring also this very day their patients into the temples, so that they are healed by hypnosis or the so-called „temple sleep“, as it also happened with the Greeks and the Egyptians.

An Ayurveda physician uses basically two working methods, to cure an illness: First the body is purified by sweating cures, laxative etc. and afterwards strengthened by appropriate nutrition, appropriate physical exercises and mental activities. Since Ayurveda represents expressly the opinion that an illness is to be treated always physically and mentally, ethics, religion and the readiness for intellectual manipulation play a crucial role with the healing process. From it results that for an Ayurveda physician the patient represents substantially more complex than for a physician of the western school: Not everyone needs the same dose of laxative etc. but each patient is a unique individual, who has to receive a special therapy.




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